By Carmen Esquivel* June 26, Havana (PL) After applying the media, economic, commercial and financial war against the constitutional government of Venezuela, the OAS is another scenario from which the United States and its allies aim to continue the destabilization of the South American country.
On June 5, Washington and members of the so-called Grupo de Lima presented a project to the General Assembly of the Organization of American States to separate the nation from the hemispheric body.
Despite pressures from the White House, the document only achieved 19 of the 24 votes needed to apply articles 20 and 21 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter and suspend a member state.
In essence, the text by the United States, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico and Peru questions the legitimacy of the May 20 elections, where President Nicolas Maduro was elected by more than six million votes.
In addition to ignoring the popular will expressed at the polls, the White House and its allies called for new sanctions against the country.
Why so much obsession with Venezuela?
The aggressions against the Bolivarian Revolution are framed in a whole offensive of the United States and the right to discredit progressive governments in the region.
Hence the campaigns that in recent years had to face Latin American leaders such as Bolivia’s President Evo Morales, the former Brazilian leaders Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff, the Paraguayan Fernando Lugo and the Argentine Cristina Fernandez.
In Venezuelan case, political analysts and academics coincide in pointing out among the causes of the attacks the interest in reversing the advances of the Bolivarian Revolution and its role in the defense of sovereignty, not only national but also regional.
With the coming to power of President Hugo Chavez in 1999, Venezuela regained sovereignty over its natural resources, more than two million families were benefited with housing, and health and education reached the great majority, just to mention some achievements.
At the regional level, its role in integration is noteworthy, with the creation of mechanisms such as the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA), Petrocaribe energy cooperation agreement, the Union of South American Nations (Unasur) and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Celac).
For Professor Ruben Zardoya, from the Center for Hemispheric Studies and the United States, the interference against Venezuela began with the uprising of February 4, 1992, led by Commander Hugo Chavez, covered all political, economic, social and cultural spheres and has not stopped at any time.
U.S. imperialism has turned the Bolivarian Revolution into its main target in the region, the Doctor of Philosophical Sciences at the University of Havana told Prensa Latina.
Zardoya affirmed that the U.S. and the right saw an opportunity in the death of Chavez and thought that with President Nicolas Maduro’s coming to power they would put an end to the revolution.
Another reason for Venezuela to be at the center of the attacks is its possession of enormous natural resources, especially oil.
‘The aggression against Venezuela is not against President Nicolas Maduro, but aims to take control of the country’s oil,’ Bolivia’s head of State Evo Morales said in an interview with Telesur.
Venezuela has the largest proven crude reserves in the world, estimated at some 300 billion barrels above Saudi Arabia.
In 2002, the country suffered a coup d’état that tried to overthrow the government of President Chavez, followed by an oil strike with the aim of boycotting oil industry.
In recent years, Venezuela has faced new attacks ranging from violence promotion to economic and financial sanctions, and threats of military intervention.
In an interview with an Argentine radio station, political scientist Atilio Boron linked the violent events registered last year with the interest of destabilizing the country and taking over its resources.
‘There is a right encouraged by the U.S. because the plan is to recover oil for Washington’s government. Make no mistake about it: that’s the goal,’ he said.
Boron has also referred to the attempts of the OAS Secretary General, Luis Almagro, to apply the Democratic Charter against Venezuela to separate it from that organization and described the attacks against the Bolivarian Revolution as systematic and brutal.
Although the votes were not obtained to separate the country from the OAS, Caracas’ government considered ridiculous the initiative presented by the U.S. and the Lima Group because since April of last year the South American country began the process to exit that organism.
The Venezuelan authorities consider the OAS to be a useless body, which has violated principles of sovereignty and non-intervention, and President Maduro already warned that the meeting on June 5 was the last summit attended by a foreign minister of his country.
* Head of Prensa Latina News Agency’s South America Editorial Department.