Uruguay and Cuba celebrate cultural forum

Montevideo, May 18 (Prensa Latina) Historical memory, cultural traditions, ephemeris and diversity resulted in the “All Blend” space and bridge between Uruguay and Cuba nowadays.

“All Blend” is a cycle promoted by Cuba’s Embassy to Uruguay to celebrate its first year supported by artists, intellectuals, Uruguayan institutions and Cuban residents there.

This time, the venue was provided by the Municipality of Montevideo and the backdrop was May, as the Month of Memory and homage to the dictatorship’s (1973-1985) victims, as by that time there had been thousands of detainees, almost 200 missing persons, and flagrant violations of human rights.

The testimonies of those prisoners, their faces brought by brushes, their drawings of the cells, tortures, the images of the missing have been heard in speeches or shown in paintings and videos.

Mario Paz has been in charge of music by playing the guitar and singing, in the meantime, people have recalled several times prisons as the one of Punta de Rieles, or the one of the countersense, “Libertad,” -Freedom.

On the encounter, Andres Humberto Bellizzi and Carolina Barrientos were among the honoring victims; in addition, Cuba’s Ambassador Zulan Popa praised the meeting as it united two countries separated by their geography, but bonded with Jose Marti.

Mexican Ambassador Victor Manuel Barcelo, recalled that his country’s Embassy here received and processed the assylum of 450 Uruguayans persecuted by that de facto Government at that time.

Cuba remembered May as the month that marked the 65th anniversary of the signing of the Agrarian Reform Law, which is celebrated by Cuban peasants.

Historian and writer Edel Morales, a resident here, spoke about their traditions, the Cuban peasant music, Cultural Heritage of Humanity, represented by poets whose origins are the countryside.

Cuban actress Lisandra Martin and her compatriot, writer Eldys Baratute, also referred to the progress made in respect for sexual diversity and the benefits of the Family Code in their country.

The encounter was propitious for the presentation of the young publishing house El Berretin, with works of social contents, and it was noteworthy standing out the black period of Uruguayan history.

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Cuban residents in Canada hold National Meeting

Ottawa, May 19 (Prensa Latina) The 17th National Meeting of Cuban Residents in Canada was held in this capital over the weekend, with the participation of members of the country’s associations and guests, diplomatic sources reported on Sunday.

During the meeting, an assessment was made of the main events held so far, among which the active participation in the Bridges of Love caravans and sending donations to Cuba for sensitive sectors of society stood out. The Action Plan was projected for the current period, with the purpose of continuing to strengthen the activism of the organizations and their actions in favor of Cuba and to transfer the sense of identity and love for the homeland to the new generations.

The forum was conducive to debating on aspects of current Cuban affairs, addressing the results of the 4th “The Nation and Emigration” Conference, and a section was dedicated to conveying the most relevant information on business and investment opportunities for Cuban residents abroad.

As a result of the meeting, the Final Declaration of the associations of Cuban residents in Canada was approved, thus ratifying the will to support the homeland and the defense of its sovereignty, and condemning the unjust economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States on Cuba.

Cuban Ambassador to Canada Rodrigo Malmierca Díaz, and Consuls General in Toronto, Jorge Yanier Castellanos; Montreal, Susana Malmierca; and Ottawa, Mariset Vázquez, participated in the meeting as special guests.

Other members of the diplomatic staff accredited in the country also attended the event as guests, according to the website of the Cuban Foreign Ministry.

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Bolivian activists unveil mural to condemn US blockade against Cuba

La Paz, May 19 (Prensa Latina) A new call from Bolivia against the economic, commercial and financial blockade of the United States against Cuba is a public mural that was unveiled in the department of La Paz on Sunday.

Coinciding with the 129th anniversary of the fall in combat of the main organizer of the Cuban independence feat against Spanish colonialism (1895-1898), José Martí (1853-1895), the artwork has made an impact on pedestrians on the highway that connects the city of La Paz with the city of El Alto.

“Come and be part of the painting of a mural in solidarity with Palestine and Cuba, from 8:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. (local time),” the call that circulated for several weeks on social networks said.

The response was massive on Saturday by Graduates of the Latin American School of Medicine, members of the Guevarist Movement of Bolivia/ELN, representatives of the Communist Party of Bolivia and its youth organization and other activists affiliated with the Bolivian Movement of Solidarity with Cuba-La Paz.

The mobilization is part of a program of actions approved on April 20 at the 9th Congress of the Bolivian Movement of Solidarity with Cuba in the department of La Paz.

Activists at that forum also agreed to demand Cuba’s exclusion from the Washington’s State Sponsors of Terorrism (SSOT) unilateral list.

A new call is circulating on social networks on Sunday in a message headed by the word “Solidarity” and the intertwined flags of Cuba and Bolivia.

“In July, we will collect powdered milk for Cuban children. Join the campaign! without exclusion or discrimination,” the text says.

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Cuba appreciates international support in the face of U.S. hostility

Havana, May 18 (Prensa Latina) Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez appreciated on Saturday the statements of several governments that recognize the unfair inclusion of the nation in the unilateral U.S. States Sponsoring Terrorism (SST) list.

On X, the top representative of Cuban diplomacy affirmed that in their statements those countries encourage the US administration to remove Cuba from such a list due to its devastating consequences for its population.

“Cuba does not sponsor terrorism. The international community recognizes it and the US knows it,” Rodriguez posted; in addition, the FM granted “the Cuban people, throughout the last 65 years, have been victims of terrorism, including State terrorism, used as a weapon to destroy their Revolution.”

On May 15th, the US Secretary of State Antony Blinken eliminated Cuba from a list of countries that, according to the United States, “do not cooperate fully” in the fight against terrorism. However, paradoxically, this nation continues to be on the SST list.

On that occasion, Rodriguez stated that “the United States has just admitted what is known to all: that Cuba fully cooperates with the efforts against terrorism.”

“It should cease all political manipulation of the issue and put an end to our arbitrary and unjust inclusion on the States Sponsoring Terrorism list,” he pointed out on X.

Cuba was first included in that list during the Reagan Administration in 1982, but in 2015, then-President Barack Obama said that designation had no merit in the case of the nation, and withdrew it.

However, on January 12, 2021, days before leaving office, Donald Trump bequeathed to his successor Joe Biden the inclusion of Cuba on that list again, something he maintains despite the demand to rectify that position in his policy toward the nation.

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Cuba reaffirms willingness to strengthen ties with Dominica

Havana, May 18 (Prensa Latina) Cuba’s Foreign Ministry reaffirmed on Saturday the willingness to continue strengthening ties of friendship and cooperation with the Commonwealth of Dominica.

On X, the Foreign Ministry greeted the 28th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two Caribbean nations.

Havana and Roseau maintain ties of friendship and cooperation that are expressed in health assistance, human resources training and collaboration in other sectors, such as education and agriculture.

Dominica supports Cuba in the struggle at the United Nations and other international forums for the lifting of the US blockade on the nation for over six decades.

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Chinese immigrants contributed to sugar production in Cuba

Sancti Spíritus, Cuba, May 16 (Prensa Latina) One of the distinctive features of sugar production in the 19th century in central Cuba, what is now Sancti Spíritus province, was the Chinese presence in sugarcane cutting.

The sugar industry, which was developed in the so-called Valle de los Ingenios (Sugar mills Valley), in Trinidad, was gaining importance in the northernmost lands of central Cuba and in the second half of the 1800s, there were 41 sugar mills and small mills, about twenty of which were equipped with steam engines.

The mills of the jurisdiction of Sancti Spiritus in 1862 reported 223 Chinese workers, while other sources report that the population of mulattoes, and Chinese and Yucatan immigrants in 1872 amounted to nearly 500 workers.

In the raffles for workers arriving in Sancti Spiritus, according to a promotion published in the newspaper El Fénix, 1,200 pesos were offered for a Chinese, while for a young, corpulent African cost just 30 or 40 pesos.

Roberto Vitlloch, director of the Curator’s Office, told Prensa Latina that the exploitation and the hard work in the fields caused diseases and deaths among the Asians, as well as desertions and escapes.

If they were captured, they were sent to the Maroon Depot, in the Royal Prison, until the owners reclaimed them, something that didn’t happen very often, he added.

The 20th century brought new Asian immigrants who offered their knowledge in the commercial sector, even though many were associated with groups dedicated to the production of vegetables on the outskirts of the city.

The first winery registered in the local Mercantile Registry was a small place, one block away from downtown Trinidad, very clean, organized and well attended to by the owner, it is said.

In about a decade starting in 1908, 25 gastronomic establishments, dry cleaners, stores, hardware stores and clothing stores were created, whose names reflected their nostalgia: Canton, Chinese Republic, Young China, Great China, The Asian and the Cantonese Woman.

The conformation between the Cuban nationality and men and women coming from distant lands, Spaniards, Africans and Chinese, left their imprint.

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Solidarity movements with Cuba pay tribute to Jose Marti in Colombia

Bogota, May 16 (Prensa Latina) The Movements of Solidarity with Cuba and the Association of Cuban Residents in Colombia pay tribute to José Martí on Thursday as part of a day dedicated to honoring the Cuban hero on the 129th anniversary of his death.

Among the activities for this Thursday is a panel of experts with Cuban professor Pablo Guadarrama about the relationship between José Martí and philosophy at the Stella Forero Auditorium in Bogotá.

Other researchers on the life of the Cuban hero will also be present, such as renowned Colombian writer José Luis Díaz-Granados, who will talk about his poetry and Héctor Arenas will discuss the relevance of his thought.

Experts Ligia Machado and Josué de Quesada will also attend the event. They will present other facets of the illustrious intellectual.

To commemorate Marti’s life and work, a historical site will be inaugurated at the Cuban Embassy in Bogotá on May 19, the date of the death of the Cuban independence fighter in 1895.

The Cuban National Hero and the historic leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, a faithful follower of his teachings, will be honored at that site.

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Cuban president meets Venezuelan foreign minister

Havana, May 16 (Prensa Latina) President Miguel Diaz-Canel met with Venezuelan Foreign Minister Yvan Gil, who is on an official visit to Cuba.

During the meeting, the head of State described Gil’s presence in Cuba as significant and sent a warm greeting to his Venezuelan counterpart, Nicolás Maduro.

The Presidency of the Republic informed on its X profile that Diaz-Canel congratulated Venezuela on the successful holding of the recent Summit of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America-People’s Trade Treaty (ALBA-TCP).

The Venezuelan foreign minister, in turn, thanked Cuba for all support and conveyed a “greeting of affection and solidarity” from President Nicolás Maduro.

He also addressed common challenges the two nations face in the short and long terms.

Gil also met with his Cuban counterpart, Bruno Rodriguez, and both ministers expressed their countries’ willingness to strengthen relations in all areas and their solidarity in the face of unjust unilateral punitive measures.

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Cuba relies on renewable energy sources

Havana, May 16 (Prensa Latina) Cuba relies on developing renewable energy sources (RES), such as wind, photovoltaic, and biogas, to address the electricity generation shortages caused by the lack of fuel.

This was stated by the President of Cuba Miguel Díaz-Canel during a recent interview with the Franco-Spanish journalist and writer Ignacio Ramonet.

The president announced that Cuba signed a series of agreements with other countries that will enable it to produce more than two thousand megawatts in less than two years, to obtain more than 20 percent clean energy sources before 2030.

Díaz-Canel explained that part of the photovoltaic parks in the country will store up energy, therefore, they will be used in the evening hours, thus reducing fuel consumption. Thanks to the RES, more fuel will be dedicated to the economy, especially to food production, agriculture, and productive processes “which are very limited because most of the hydrocarbons are used for electricity generation,” he stressed.

The president pointed out that Cuba also seeks foreign investments to allow the country to strengthen, update, and improve the processing of national crude oil in its refineries and contribute to solving the energy issue, which has been greatly affected by the tightening of the United States blockade.

Diaz-Canel recognized that the deepening of the blockade and the inclusion of Cuba on the list of state sponsors of terrorism made the daily life of the population particularly difficult in recent years.

“We are a country that has suffered the limitations and adversities imposed on us by the blockade for more than 60 years; an illegal, unjust, anachronistic blockade as a policy and loaded, above all, with an arrogant perspective of the United States Government,” he stated, and stressed that despite the escalation of the US policy, Cuba “has never sat idly by” and has developed its capacity for resilience.

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Culture, a different chapter in Cuba-US relations

New York, May 15 (Prensa Latina) The cultural and literary ties between Cuba and the United States make a difference in the face of decades of hostile policy from the government in Washington, according to the prominent poet and researcher Nancy Morejon.

In statements to Prensa Latina, the essayist also recalled the historic links in the artistic work between the two countries despite the blockade.

From Jose Marti, Ernest Hemingway, the longtime friendship between Nicolas Guillen and US poet Langston Hughes to the edition of American Stories, compiled by Jose Rodriguez Feo in the late 1960s, both countries share a valuable literary history.

Translations, compilations of texts or academic courses between both shores confirm a solid link in the world of literature that, according to the Cuban author, extends to the present day.

Morejón herself is an example the publication in the United States of her anthology “Donde duermen la isla como un ala,” in 1985, and her recent visit to several US cities, including New York.

“I think that in those ties there are many things to maintain and to continue as long as are alive,” she said in this regard.

As part of her agenda in this city, Morejon held meetings and read her poems with young local artists, Cuban residents and representatives of the Cuban Embassy at the United Nations.

She also spoke with members of the Group of Friends of Spanish at the UN and visited the Center for Cuban Studies in Brooklyn, a cultural initiative led by Sandra Levinson.

Before her return to Cuba, the 2001 National Literature Award winner plans cultural meetings at the Malcolm X Center and the National Jazz Museum in Harlem.

Born in Havana in 1944, Nancy Morejón is considered one of the most relevant voices of Cuban poetry with an important work dedicated to the so-called black poetry, the study of Nicolás Guillén’s work and Caribbean literature.

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