New York, 9 September 2019. The economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the government of the United States of America against Cuba for almost six decades is the most unjust, severe and prolonged system of unilateral sanctions that has been imposed to any country. It is the main obstacle for the development of the Cuban economy, the implementation of the National Economic and Social Development Plan of the country, as well as for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals.
The strengthening of the blockade continued to be the central focus of the U.S. government policy towards Cuba, with increasingly significant effects in its extraterritorial implementation. Because of its declared purpose and its political, legal and administrative framework sustaining it, these sanctions qualify as an act of genocide according to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948 and as an act of economic warfare according to the London Naval Conference of 1909.
From April 2018 until March 2019, the measures of economic aggression against the island have increased, causing losses to Cuba of around 4,343.6 million dollars. At current prices, damages accumulated during almost six decades of implementing this policy have reached the figure of 138,843.4 million dollars.
During this same period, the strengthening of the extraterritorial implementation of the system of sanctions against Cuba was shown in the constant repercussions on Cuban companies, banks and embassies, which deal with colossal obstacles in their commercial and financial activities in many countries around the world.
Just to mention two examples: the U.S. Department of State on three occasions extended the “List of Restricted Cuban Entities” that are subject to additional sanctions to those imposed by the blockade regulations, causing considerable harm to the country’s economy due to their intimidating effect on the international business community. At the same time, Washington decided to permit the possibility that, under Title III of the Helms-Burton Act, judicial actions may be taken in U.S. courts before lawsuits filed by U.S. citizens or entities against Cuban or third-country companies or individuals which have commercial relations with properties nationalized in Cuba in the 1960s.
Twenty-seven resolutions have already been adopted by the international community within the framework of the United Nations General Assembly, which call on the U.S. government to put an end, without any conditions, to its blockade policy against Cuba.
Cuba will not cease in its efforts to remove this hostile and aggressive U.S. government policy, whose ultimate goal is to reverse the will of the Cuban people to build an independent, sovereign, socialist and prosperous nation, on the basis of its right to self-determination.
Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations