Small Island, big results: Natural solutions to sustainability challenges in Cuba

Small Island, big results: Natural solutions to sustainability challenges in CubaTREASURE CHEST OF THE CARIBBEAN

The Sabana-Camagüey Archipelago extends along the central northern coastline of Cuba for 465 kms, from Punta Hicacos in the west to Nuevitas Bay in the east.

These islands lie at the heart of the broader Sabana-Camagüey Ecosystem, which includes a mosaic of sensitive marine environments (sandy beaches, seagrass beds, coral reefs and cays); mangrove swamps and forested dune systems; inshore lagoons and wetlands, and other coastal habitats of the adjacent Cuban mainland.

This ecosystem is a treasure trove of remarkable biological wealth that is among the richest in Cuba and the wider Caribbean. It is also of global significance, including a UNESCO World Heritage Site – the Bay of Buena Vista Biosphere Reserve – and three wetland systems designated as internationally important under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The area is rich in both flora and fauna; many of these species occur nowhere else on Earth.

Another vital element of the richness of these land- and sea-scapes is the diverse community of people who call them home and who depend on them for their livelihoods and cultural identity.

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