United Nations, Oct 5 (Prensa Latina) During the six days of high-level debate at UN General Assembly, the call to the United States to eliminate the blockade on Cuba was repeated again and again.
From the first speech in the plenary session of the UN’s main deliberative body, held on September 28 by Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff, to the final speeches, on Saturday, Oct 3, leaders from the five continents called for the lifting of the economic, commercial and financial siege in force for more than 50 years.
Thanks to the positions set by at least 45 heads of State, of Government, vice presidents and foreign ministers, the rejection to the blockade continued as one of the most cited issues in the general debate.
Words such as anachronism, injustice, obstacle to development, unilateral coercive measure, senseless act, and suffocation for the Cuban people, were heard in the voice of many statesmen.
Niger’s State Minister, Aichatou Boulama Kane, urged to use the 70th anniversary of the United Nations to put an end to the siege, while Venezuelan President, Nicolas Maduro, demanded its immediate cessation.
On the other hand, Barbados’ Prime Minister, Freundel Stuart, warned that the blockade “has not only delayed Cuba’s development, but also has prevented the realization of deserved aspirations of its people.”
In turn, South African leader, Jacob Zuma, said the U.S. measure limits the economic freedom of the Caribbean nation’s inhabitants.
American President, Barack Obama, himself acknowledged that the siege established in 1962 by the White House has no place, and urged the U.S. Congress to end it.
With the implementation in 1996 of the Helms Burton Act, the web of sanctions against the island became a legal instrument, so the Capitol is responsible for the total lifting.
Speaking here at the high-level segment of the Assembly, Cuban President, Raul Castro, denounced the validity of the blockade and the need for the cessation of unjust and unilateral sanctions.
He also ratified that Havana will continue promoting at UN the voting of the resolution that since 1992 has demanded the lifting of the siege, scheduled this year for October 27.
“As long as it persists, we will continue introducing the draft resolution entitled Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States of America against Cuba”, he said on Monday, Sept. 28.
In 2014, some 188 of 193 UN member countries supported the initiative, with isolated refusal of the United States and Israel.
The new vote generates particular expectations, especially for the position Washington will adopt, after Obama himself has repeatedly asked the Congress to eliminate the blockade.
The Assembly’s general debate also ratified the approval of the international community to the rapprochement between the United States and Cuba.
More than 60 governments celebrated the restoration of diplomatic ties, and the reopening of embassies, materialized by Havana and Washington on July 20.
Congratulations to Presidents Obama and Raul Castro for the steps taken and the recognitions to the new bilateral scenario as an example of the value of dialogue to solve differences were discussed.