Oct 7 (Radio Rebelde) A study by researchers from several institutions in Holguin province has proposed changes in planting patterns in that territory to increase yields in the face of the climate change impact on rainfall, temperature and pests behavior.
Scientists suggest new planting and harvest dates and good phytosanitary practices and water and soil management for crops such as beans, tomatoes, tobacco, maize, sweet potatoes, cassava and vegetables, according to a report published today by Granma newspaper.
The experts’ proposals, from the Department of Plant Health and the Center for Studies of Arid Agrosystems, in the University of Holguin, take into account detailed observations made in the field and properly documented, as well as the results of surveys applied to producers.
According to specialists in the fields of Holguin the temperature has risen above 34 degrees Celsius in the assessed period, together with the systematic drought episodes, which contribute to the appearance of pests and diseases.
The impact of climate change on agriculture in Cuba leads to a decrease in the areas for effects on the productivity and physiology of plants; unexpected variations in the planting and harvest periods; alterations in the dynamics of pests and diseases; and extinction of animal and plant species, experts asserted.