Cuba, one of the homelands of Colombian Gabriel García Márquez

Cuba, one of the homelands of Colombian Gabriel García Márquez

Havana, Mar 6 (Prensa Latina) Before the triumph of the Revolution, on January 1, 1959, Cuba was for Nobel Prize in Literature, Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez, an exotic and picturesque setting in the insular Caribbean.

During his stay in Paris, where he shared with several Latin Americans and Algerians, Cuban writer Nicolás Guillén, exiled in France at the time, spoke to him about Fidel Castro.

Three years later, in the Venezuelan magazine ‘Momento’, García Márquez publishes an interview with Emma Castro entitled ‘My brother Fidel’, a text in which he remembers the Bogotazo, which occurred on April 9, 1948.

‘In that event, which meant a social upheaval and explosion in the history of the Colombian twentieth century, both were present and, although they did not coincide, there is a subsequent anecdote that seems to unite them to that event,’ writes Jorge Fornet, doctor in Hispanic Literature and Senior Researcher.

On January 18, a man from the July 26 Movement appeared at the door of the magazine where Garcia Maerquez worked in Caracas looking for journalists who wanted to go to Cuba that same night.

That trip was part of the so-called Operation Truth, a massive press conference called by Fidel Castro for January 22, 1959 meant to confront the campaign against the nascent Revolution.

About 400 journalists from the United States and Latin America came together in Havana and, five months later, Ernesto Che Guevara and Fidel Castro founded the Latin American Information Agency Prensa Latina, also made up of communication professionals from the area.

Edel Suárez, current head of the analysis writing of that communication medium, comments that, at that time, there was no experience of a regional agency, but there was a common ideal among progressive sectors, aimed at the establishment of a new world information order.

The staff at that time included prominent personalities such as Cuban essayist Ángel Augier, National Literature Prize winner, and Argentine journalists Jorge Ricardo Masetti and Rodolfo Jorge Walsh. In 1960, Gabriel García Márquez was already part of the staff.

He founds the Prensa Latina office in Bogotá, lives in Cuba for several months and then opens the agency’s office in New York, under the direction of Cuban journalist Francisco Portela.

Gabriel García Márquez assured in 1981 that his friendship with Fidel Castro was intellectual and that when they met they talked about literature.

In ‘A Life’, the biography about Gabo written by English literary critic Gerald Martin, its author assures that García Márquez found in Fidel a man who did not bow to imperialism, a Latin American who did not allow himself to be defeated and a very good listener.

During the 1980s, already based in Mexico, the United States denied him a visa to enter its territory due to his proximity to the Cuban leader. The veto was overturned by former President William Clinton, a recognized admirer of the intellectual and whose novel ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’ was his favorite.

Precisely, the book ‘The last soldiers of the Cold War’, by Brazilian journalist Fernando Morais, includes García Márquez’s journey to deliver, in 1998, a secret letter from Fidel Castro to Clinton, with which the Cuban leader sought to stop terrorist organizations in Miami, responsible for bomb attacks on Havana.

Journalist and writer Gabriel García Márquez, was born a day like today of 1927, in Aracataca, Colombia.


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