According to the World Bank Cuba is the country that invests more in education

According to the international institution, no country, including the richest, spend such a high part of its national budget to education as Cuba .The results are outstanding.

Cuba is a world leader in education. It’s just remember what a World Bank classifies Cuba in first place in terms of investment in the education system 2009-2013. With nearly 13% (12.9%) of GDP invested in this sector, no other country in the world, including the most developed, equals the Caribbean island, which has made ​​social policy a model for nations via development. [1]

Timor Leste and Denmark round the world podium, with 11.3% and 8.7% of GDP respectively, dedicated to education. By comparison, the United States spends only 5.4%, ie twice less than Cuba, and Canada 5.5%. In Europe, France spends 5.9% of its national budget to education, Germany 5.1%, UK 6.2%, Italy 4.5% and Spain 5%. In Latin America, Bolivia ranks second behind Cuba at 7.6%. Brazil attaches 5.8% of GDP on this sector, while Mexico and Argentina will spend respectively 5.2% and 5.8%. [2]

It is not the first time that the World Bank Praises Cuba in this field. In another report published in 2014, the international organization recalls that the Island has the best education system in Latin America and the Caribbean, the one with “high or less suitable parameters, the strong academic talent, high wages and high autonomy professional that characterize the most effective educational systems in the world, such as Finland, Singapore, Shanghai (China), Republic of Korea, Switzerland, the Netherlands and Canada. “ [3]

Such as health education, culture or sport- has always been a priority in Cuba and the results are outstanding. With a literacy rate of 99.8%, the island exhibits the lowest rate of illiteracy of Latin America, according to UNESCO, which also emphasizes that Cuba has the highest enrollment rate in Latin America with 99.7 of the students with free education.Another UNESCO report on education in 13 countries in Latin America ranks Cuba in first place in all subjects and stresses that a Cuban student has averaged twice knowledge and skills that a Latin American student. [4]

The World Bank, praising the Cuban educational system, confirms in a way that austerity policies and the dismantling of the welfare state which calls are actually harmful to the public interest. By prioritizing education, Cuba shows the world that it is possible to provide all citizens with a high level access to knowledge and training. Limited inherent in a Third World nation resources and extremely severe economic sanctions imposed by the United States for more than half a century have not prevented the Caribbean island enjoy an efficient education system and remembering to locate the human being in the center of the social project.

By Salim Lamrani

* PhD in Iberian and Latin American Studies at the University Paris Sorbonne-Paris IV, Salim Lamrani is a professor at the University of Reunion and journalist specializing in relations between Cuba and the United States. His latest book is titled Cuba, the Media, and the Challenge of Impartiality, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2014, with a foreword by Eduardo Galeano.

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